Agricultural production is expected to grow by 15% over the coming decade, while global agricultural land use is expected to be broadly flat.
According to a new report from the OECD and the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation, the projected expansion in crop output can be attributed primarily to yield improvements and higher production intensity, driven by technological innovation. The foreseen growth in livestock production will be based on an expansion of herds, greater feed use and a more efficient use of feed.
Agriculture continues to be a significant contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions. Direct emissions of agriculture, mostly from livestock, as well as rice and synthetic fertilisers, are expected to grow by 0.5% p.a. over the coming decade, compared with 0.7% p.a. over the past ten years. This is lower than the growth in agricultural production, indicating a declining carbon intensity as productivity increases.
For more details see: OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2019-2028